As specified by the World Health Organization, anemia in a pregnant woman is when the value of Hb (hemoglobin) within the blood is smaller than 11g/100ml.
It is quite usual for women to acquire iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy as well as after it. This is on account of the paucity of the mineral known as iron which is essentially needed by the body to generate RBCs.
Females are normally used to a regular loss of around thirty milligram (30mg) of iron each month, on account of the monthly menstrual cycles. This simply means that they need more or less one milligram (1mg) each day in excess of their normal daily requirements; that simply conveys the fact that they have a usual requirement of thirty-five milligram (35mg) per day.
When the same females become pregnant, their iron requirement jumps to twice the amount of their normal prerequisite. This twofold iron is utilized for the construction of hemoglobin in the blood of the mum as well as the fetus. While anemia could be secondary to various reasons yet in a pregnant female it is usually due to iron deficit.
What really happens is that throughout pregnancy, the quantity of blood escalates by forty percent and her RBC mass increases too. This intensification in the quantity of blood is vital to provide the essential nutrients for the correct growth of the fetus and the placenta as well as to accommodate the blood loss that is going to occur at the time of childbirth.
Though extra hemoglobin is produced in mum’s body yet the fetus itself also produces hemoglobin for its blood. As a normal routine, the need for iron is the greatest during the second and the third trimester of pregnancy.
Anemia during pregnancy usually results in:
- Raised threats of untimely birth
- Curtailed development of the fetus
A pregnant woman should adopt measures to prevent anemia during pregnancy.
For this purpose, she should ensure that she holds as much as necessary iron in her blood, to carry on a healthy pregnancy because anemia can produce problems during pregnancy as well as all the way through the child birth process; these problems could be in the form of:
- Tricky process of childbirth
- Premature birth
- Many more
Given that it is frequently hard to ingest enough diet that contains iron to fulfill the requirements of the pregnant female’s body so there is no harm in taking a good palatable iron supplement after consultation with a health care provider, who might also advise the intake of vitamin C supplements because the latter facilitates the absorption of iron.
However, the pregnant female should avoid sodas, tea, coffee, antacids etc because these can reduce the quantity of absorbed iron.
The important cure of anemia during pregnancy is to increase the consumption of the following:
- Green leafy vegetables such as lettuce,spinach,kale, broccoli etc
- Fruits such as apples, pomegranates,oranges,peaches,apricots etc
- Whole grains
- Lean meat
- Sea food
- Fresh raw honey
- Organic milk
We hope that we have been able to provide you a guideline regarding anemia during pregnancy; however if you have any queries, you are most welcome to ask medical advice from an online doctor.